Your knee is a very common joint to get injured. Many overuse injuries occur at the knee however there are ways to prevent them. Your Physiotherapist can accurately diagnose and manage your injury and help you get back to all those activities you love!
Your knee joint is formed where your thigh bone (femur) connects to your shin bone (tibia). Cartilage lines the ends of these bones, and helps your knee move freely. There are many ligaments that support the knee joint and control the movements of the bones. Ligaments of the knee include the cruciate ligaments (anterior and posterior) and the collateral ligaments (medial and lateral). The menisci (cartilage) are another part of the knee that is commonly injured. Muscles support the knee joint and aid in holding in stable and strong. All of these structures that make up the knee can get injured. Unfortunately research also shows that muscles weaken in the presence of injury which can lead to further issues such as osteoarthritis. Therefore it is important to get your knee pain checked by your Physiotherapist.
Another part of the knee which can get injured is the ‘patella-femoral joint’. This is where your knee cap (patella) rests at the front of your knee. Pain can be anywhere around your knee cap and is often provoked by ascending/descending stairs, squatting or sitting with bent knees for a long time. Sometimes knees can also give way. Our Physiotherpists can manage all conditions of the patella-femoral joint. Generally there is a lot we can do for these conditions! Literature shows that malalignment of the foot, muscle imbalance, and core muscle weakness may also contribute towards patella-femoral pain. We will analyse all of these factors in your initial assessment and get you back on track as quickly and safely as possible.
Over time, from constant loading though the knee, being overweight and generally getting older your knees start to wear away. This process is called osteoarthritis and affects many people in our society. Although we can’t cure osteoarthritis, our Physiotherapists can help manage your condition and reduce your pain. We have extensive experience in manual therapy, rehabilitation and the development of a specific osteoarthritis program for you. We can also direct you to our network of experienced specialists including orthopaedic surgeons, radiology, sports physicians and general practitioners if needed. We work as part of the Health Care team with our Physiotherapists, Podiatrists and Dietitian to manage your condition. Hydrotherapy is also a useful adjunct to your management. There are many options available to help you – speak to your Physiotherapist about ways we can help!
Assessment & Diagnosis
Your first session with your Physiotherapist will include an assessment of your knee. A thorough history of your injury/condition witll be taken. In this session it is likely the Physiotherapist will conduct a series of Clinical Tests to identify what the primary cause is. At the end of the session you will have a clear picture of what is happening to your knee and why this may have occurred. You will leave with a clear managment plan to meet YOUR goals.
Your treatment pathway will be based upon your assessment findings. Some knee injury treatment modalities that may be utilised include manual therapy techniques such as joint mobilisations and soft tissue release . These can help improve range of motion, correct alignment and optimise muscle activity patterns. Other treatments Physios may use for knees as part of the broader plan are bracing and taping methods. Usually these manual knee injury therapy techniques will be used in conjunction with specific evidence-based knee injury rehabilitation exercises to ensure your injury does not recur.
Rehabilitation & Prevention
Rehabilitation exercises for the knee describes a series of flexibility, strength or stability exercises aimed at fixing your knee injury. Exercises are given based on research that shows them to be effective as well as our years of clinical experience in managing knee injuries. Physiotherapists are experts at rehabilitation through our extensive university and clinical experiences. We will devise an individual program with progressions to return you to sport or your usual activities. Get the right advice for rehabilitaiton and speak to your Physio today.
Did You Know?
Patello-femoral pain is common in runners